Electric vehicles have a long history starting back in 1884 by Thomas Parker who was a British Inventor. Other pioneers were Henry Ford and Thomas Edison. Because of their inventions and research, we now have the capability of mass-producing electric vehicles. We will be looking at the three different types of electric vehicles that are currently offered in today’s market.


The Three Types Of Electric Vehicles (EVs) 

  1. Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
  2. Plug-In Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
  3. Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)

Each of these types has a different way of using electricity to power the vehicle. We will explore each type of electric vehicle and how it exactly powers the electric vehicle. 


1. Battery Electric Vehicle (BEVs)

A BEV is an all-electric vehicle. The source of power comes from the electricity that is stored in a battery pack and delivered to the electric engine. Battery electric vehicles solely run on electricity and do not have gas engines. These vehicles must be plugged into an external power source to recharge, they can also recharge through regenerative braking. Regenerative braking is when the brakes are used, energy is then recovered when braking.


Pros Of A Battery Electric Vehicle: 

  • Reduced emissions 
  • Energy efficient 
  • Quiet and smooth acceleration 
  • Less maintenance
  • Many different charging options 

Cons Of A Battery Electric Vehicle: 

  • Powering up takes longer than filling up with gas 
  • Shorter mileage range vs. gas engines on a full tank 
  • Battery packs are pricey to replace 
2. Plug-In Electric Vehicle (PHEVs)


A PHEV runs on an electric motor that is powered by a battery pack, but a PHEV also has an internal combustion engine that requires fuel. The battery pack is recharged through regenerative braking that recaptures energy. These cars can be plugged into a power source to recharge.



Pros Of A Plug-In Electric Vehicle 

  • Better fuel mileage over gas-powered vehicles 
  • The vehicle can run on gas-only as the batter charges 
  • Reduced tailpipe emissions 

Cons Of A Plug-In Electric Vehicle 

  • Engine maintenance such as oil changes are still needed 
  • Gasoline is still needed
  • Charging time may take longer than a battery-electric vehicle 

3. Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEVs)

Hybrid electric vehicles have a battery pack that is recharged through regenerative braking. This vehicle cannot be plugged in to charge. These vehicles start with an electric motor, the gasoline-powered engine will turn on and off as needed when speed increases. Both motors are controlled by an internal computer that monitors driving conditions.


Pros Of A Hybrid Electric Vehicle 

  • The gas engine can run the vehicle while the battery recharges 
  • Fewer emissions, more fuel-efficient than gas-powered vehicles

Cons Of A Hybrid Electric Vehicle 

  • Fuel and engine maintenance are still needed 

Demand for electric vehicles continues to grow, especially in the SUV and Truck category. As more innovative technologies are developed these vehicles will become more readily available to the general public. To save thousands on a used electric vehicle visit one of our Auto Outlets USA Locations in Canandaigua, NY, Webster, NY, and Wolcott, NY. Proudly Serving Rochester, Syracuse, Buffalo, and Albany.